Exposing the role of the food industry in conditioning us to overeat, but calling on individuals to change?

Book Review:  The end of overeating.  By David Kessler, MD

David Kessler the former FDA Chief under George H.W. Bush and Bill Clinton has written a very important book in the evolution of public thinking about food,images nutrition and the obesity epidemic that is gripping our nation.  The basic premise of this book is that the triad of fat, sugar and salt used by the food industry through sophisticated layering techniques are hitting the neuro-chemical, evolutionarily sensitive portion of our brain leaving some of us battling what he calls, conditioned hypereating.  It is a fascinating look into the science of our own brain and yet the book is digestible for the average American.  I found myself throughout the book linking his explanations to real life experiences that I have had with food, and I think most Americans that wade through our current food environment will have similar experiences.

Kessler seems to be laying the ground work for claims that hyper-palatable foods make by fast food chains and the industrialized processed food system are addictive.  There is science behind the idea of compulsive eating as an addictive behavior, but I think the science is not fully there concerning the link between industry’s use of fat, sugar and salt and those addictive behaviors.  However, I think even getting the idea out there to the public that the food companies are targeting consumers with these techniques and not for simple manufacturing or efficiency reasons, but really to target the consumer with little to no regard for the health of the nation could be a stepping stone towards a sort of “Truth” campaign against Big Food.

What I found disappointing about the book came in the way he addressed what should be done with all of this new revelatory information.  One of our jobs in Public Health is to combat the idea that the responsibility for the solution of the obesity epidemic lies solely with the individual.  That is the rhetoric of the food and beverage industry.  They want us to absolve them of any responsibility because it’s your “choice” in deciding what to eat, and it’s your “fault” if you can’t control what you eat.  What Kessler does, magnificently, is turn that argument on its head, revealing the true intentions of the food industry and exposing the industry for its “puppet-master” role in attempting to hit all our craveable taste points with no regard for its impact.  However, after exposing the industry throughout the book, Kessler still comes back to putting the onus for change on the individual.  He spends pages documented plans and ways for individuals to deal with these conditioned responses, but gives only lip service to regulations like menu-labeling, new nutritional labeling and public health educational campaigns.  He should know that these educational expansions of information for the consumer, while incredibly necessary, won’t convince a conditioned American who is being pulled by the layering of fat, sugar and salt.  It is definitely part of the solution, but it’s not enough. Read More >

More from Katie Couric on Antibiotic Broadcast

Yesterday, CBS News’ Katie Couric had former FDA Commissioner Dr. David Kessler and “Fast Food Nation” author Eric Schlosser on @katiecouric to discuss further last week’s two-part series on the overuse of antibiotics in industrial farm animal production. “There are real risks here, using drugs in a non-therapuetic context,” Dr. David Kessler said. “This industry has a record of viciously going after anyone who criticizes their practices,” Schlosser told Couric, recalling the industry suit against talk show host Oprah Winfrey.

Study Finds Menu Labels Including Daily Caloric Requirement are Much More Effective Than Labels Alone

Last week I discussed why obesity experts, such as Drs. Kelly Brownell and David Kessler, believe highly processed foods are leading to excessive overeating. Until healthier unprocessed foods are more readily available and affordable, today I want to focus on one way we can thwart the cravings believed to be triggered by eating foods engineered or prepared with extra fat, sugar and salt and that’s by reducing your daily caloric intake.

With our fast paced lives and limited time to prepare meals, Americans are eating out much more often than just a decade ago. The latest numbers show that we spend almost half of our food expenditures outside the home.

Since foods purchased outside the home are often higher in calories and served in larger portions there’s been a push at all government levels to encourage restaurants to post calorie labels on their menus to give consumers a better idea of just how many calories they’re consuming. New York City was first to pass a menu-labeling law in 2006. Since then several cities and states, including Philadelphia, Nashville, California, Maine, Massachusetts and Oregon have all passed their own menu-labeling legislation. The latest state to approve a menu-labeling bill is New Jersey. And soon we could see a federal law passed. Both House and Senate versions of the Health Care Reform Bill have menu-labeling provisions attached. Read More >

10 in 10: Ensure Every American Child Has Access to Healthy and Affordable Food: A “Gentle” Wish For a New Decade

10in101A new decade brings new opportunities and challenges. The interaction between diet and health received significant attention during “The Aughts.” What will we do during this next decade to respond to the call for action for a healthier and more sustainable lifestyle? This is the fourth in a continuing series highlighting 10 ways you can help this year.

Knowing that the obesity epidemic in the United States has some scientists predicting that for the first time in history American children will live shorter lives than their parents, my wish for the next decade is to see First Lady Michelle Obama, President Barack Obama and his administration succeed in their mission to ensure that every American child has access to healthy and affordable food. A recent gathering of Obama Administration officials invited to discuss their efforts to improve America’s food system left me hopeful that my wish will come true.

Courtesy: White House Blog

Courtesy: White House Blog

Last month in D.C. Kathleen Merrigan, Deputy Secretary of Agriculture, Dora Hughes, Counselor to the Secretary of Health, and Sam Kass, White House assistant chef and Food Initiative Coordinator for the First Lady each shared their goals for the next year during an event for the W.K. Kellogg Foundation’s Food and Community Program. Surprisingly it wasn’t their words that left me so inspired; rather it was the words of 10-year-old David Martinez-Ruiz. Kass shared with the audience a letter that the D.C. elementary school student had presented to the First Lady following his class visit to the White House Garden.

One of the things that I want to say about being at the White House was how gentle the feeling was. It felt surprisingly natural to be there. We planted on a warm day. The sun was out and there was a little breeze. The grass was beautiful and green. The people made us feel good. I liked the way the staff person who helped me was very gentle with the worms we found. I think about the garden as being gentle: gentle with nature, gentle to your body, and gentle with each other. Read More >